Meaning of the term asylum
Asylum n. 'Place of refuge for the persecuted, the afflicted' originally denotes the inviolable place, the sanctuary, in the protection of which the seeker of refuge is safe from any grasp. Greek ásȳlon (ἄσυλον) becomes Latin asȳlum by borrowing and enters German in this form at the beginning of the 16th century, but loses the Latin ending only towards the end of the 18th century. To Greek ásȳlos (ἄσυλος) 'unrobbed, safe', sȳ́lon (σῦλον) 'robbery'. Since the 2nd half of the 19th century, asylum has also meant public facilities for the (temporary) accommodation of homeless people (see homeless).
according to Wikipedia
Under the designation Asylum (Latin asylum; from ancient Greek ἄσυλον or ἄσυλος 'unrobbed', 'safe', composed of the ἀ-privativum - meaning 'un-', 'non-' - and the noun σῦλον 'robbery', 'seizure') is understood to mean.
- a place of refuge, a shelter, a place of refuge or a place of refuge or a place of refuge (night shelter);
- the protection from danger and persecution
- the temporary reception of the persecuted
- the protection afforded by a state, on its territory or elsewhere under its control, to a Person granted.
At Asylum law one understands:
- the regulated area of law concerning asylum, i.e. in a narrower sense all substantive norms concerning the reception and protection of persecuted persons.
As Refugees are to be recognized, according to Article 1 of the Geneva UN Refugee Convention of 1951, people who are outside their home country and have a well-founded fear of being persecuted in their home country on account of their race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group, for which reason they can no longer reside there. If this application is granted, one is considered to be recognized refugee. This person is granted both the right to stay and most of the rights of citizens of that country on a temporary or permanent basis. A refugee has both the right to return to his or her home country if it seems safe to do so and the right to naturalization, i.e. to adopt the nationality of the country of arrival.